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“You youngsters, study hard the art of the war; with all your genius's intention; read, meditate, consult and absorb yourselves on the science that will occupy your life that will give you the glory and recognition of the posterity. Your military behavior will be the daughter of your moral principles, and of your knowledge; she will fix your and your homeland’s luck”…
A part of Francisco José de Caldas’s speech, at the graduation ceremony of some Officers.
The permanency and approval of the armies in the mind of the people exclusively recognize it for their actions, victories and successes on the threats that burden them. The tactics used by the armies to confront these threats in a victorious way, allowing the tranquility of those people, unquestionably require of a planning and professional training.
Pointing at this, the Education and Doctrine Direction, since 2005, began with the process of upgrading of the Instruction and Training Directive which was applied since 2002 for the training of the Force’s officers, NCOs’ and soldiers.
For their upgrade it was appealed to the doctrinal and academic experience of the Formation and Training Schools, especially to the lessons learnt, positive or negative left by the military actions developed by the Units in their fight against the terrorist flagellum that hits the country. These lessons and experiences evidenced the need to strengthen in an integral way the training of the soldiers, conditioning the instruction to the nature of the current war, in such a way that the training and the man's thought is overturned towards the combat and the respect to the Human Rights of those who are directly or indirectly involved in that combat.
The upgrade and standardization of the instruction and training, crystallized in a directive that allowed the organization in this topic, consolidating a training stage that in total lasts 78 weeks, in which is included the basic individual and of squad instruction; the combat basic course, the platoon instruction and the weapons specialists, operations and re-training and finally a preparation for the civil life.
The most significant changes in the Instruction and Training Directive can be summarized in this way:
Unification of the amount of hours for the basic instruction (16 weeks), for all the soldiers (bachelors, peasants and regular), achieving with it that all the men are always trained to a same level in order to face the threat.
It was included in the soldiers training the Basic Combat Course with a six weeks course; this course was initially directed to the officer’s, Nco’s and pupils of the Formation Schools. Their main objective is to strengthen the combat basic training of the soldiers that will participate in the development of the tactical actions, by means of a learning process based on double action exercises that allows to adjust the training to the war dynamics; it also seeks to develop in the combatant the physical, technical, tactical abilities, dexterities and psychological preparation so that it could act as integral combatant making part of a combat team, square or platoon.
Additionally it was unified the date and time of the license for the soldiers, to whom are given two weeks after 14 weeks of instruction.
The Human rights, International Right for the Armed Conflicts (DICA), Ethics and Honor and Shot programs were strengthened.
It was intensified the night instruction and the physical training, being included the gymnastics with wood logs.
The preparation phase was articulated to the civil life with the education programs from the Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje, SENA. (Government’s technical training institution.)
In the shooting area were included and standardized exercises for hand weapons, with night vision aims, for moor and forest phases, high precision marksmen and Military Police units. There were also exercises with aggressive position, for all types of machine guns, in vehicles and for the Army Aviation; with grenade launchers, hand grenades, for mortars, 90 mm cannons, 106 mm without setback rifles and artillery units.
Instruction and Training Centers
Keeping in mind that the responsibility for the training and re-training of the Tactical Units it is fundamentally overturned in the Instruction and Training Centers; the Force has been strengthening them, transforming them into true schools of knowledge, professional and of integral upgrade of knowledge, to face with success the execution of the institutional mission making front to the narco-terrorist threat and offering the social tranquility.
To fulfill this purpose officers with the Lieutenant Colonel rank have been appointed as Directors of the twenty-two active Instruction Centers.
In the administrative aspect the Instruction and Training Direction and the Army Engineers Directions dedicated to the Instruction and Training Centers, in 2006 and 2007, more than 12 thousand million pesos for the construction of tracks and instruction bays, as well as for their maintenance, for the acquisition of instruction aids and the supply of audiovisual appliances and computers.
At the present year the Education and Doctrine Direction “JEDOC” and the Army’s Tactical Re-training Center “CERTE”, implemented the Instruction and Training Center’s certification process that consists on identifying and valuating the weaknesses and strengths of these institutions, evaluate their suitability and knowledge as instructors of their personnel and the maintenance, state, quality and quantity of the training tracks, areas, polygons, instruction aids and existent instruction bays for the development of the instruction.
Once evaluated and valued these aspects a numeric qualification is emitted by means of which is determined the state and the conditions that Instruction center CIE has to impart the training. If these they are not the appropriate a prudential time is given to them so that they could improve and obtain the certification.
By: TC. José Rafael Caicedo Prado
Instruction and Training Direction